computer vision and image processing
What is computer vision used for? Why should we deal with images in computer vision?

Computer vision, or the ability of artificially intelligent systems to “see” like humans, has been a subject of increasing interest and rigorous research now. As a way of emulating the human visual system, the research in the field of computer vision purports to develop machines that can automate tasks that require visual cognition. However, the process of deciphering images, due to the significantly greater amount of multi-dimensional data that needs analysis, is much more complex than understanding other forms of binary information. This makes developing AI systems that can recognize visual data more complicated.

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Computer vision uses image processing algorithms to solve some of its tasks. The main difference between these two approaches are the goals (not the methods used). If the goal is to emulate human vision, like object recognition, defect detection or automatic driving, then it may be called computer vision.